An Exemplary Life (continued)
1990-1993. The first redress checks authorized by the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 are issued to ex-internees over 70 years of age, with a total of more than 80,000 persons receiving reparations until 1993.
1996-1998. The Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, created by the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, finances publication and distribution of “Personal Justice Denied: Report of the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians” and 135 educational projects on a wide range of related topics.
2007. Turkmen vs. Ashcroft. The coram nobis team, including Min Yasui’s lead attorney, Peggy Nagae, submit an amicus brief in this class action civil rights lawsuit filed on behalf of Muslim, South Asian, and Arab non-citizens swept up by the INS and FBI in a racial profiling dragnet following 9/11.
2012. Hedges vs. Obama. The coram nobis team, including Min Yasui’s lead attorney, Peggy Nagae, submit an amicus brief in this civil rights suit filed on behalf of Christopher Hedges, challenging the National Defense Authorization Act which permits the U.S. government to indefinitely detain people who are suspected of supporting forces engaged in hostilities against the United States.
i The information in this timeline is taken from an article written by Kerry S. Hada and Andrew S. Hamano entitled “Five of the Greatest: A Tribute to Outstanding Lawyers in Colorado History” The ColoradoLawyer: Official Publication of the Colorado Bar Association (July 1998 Vol. 27, No. 7); information from the Densho website (http://www.densho.org/); Lauren Kessler, Stubborn Twig: Three Generations in the Life of a Japanese American Family, Oregon State University Press, Corvallis, OR 2005; and the curriculum vita written by Minoru Yasui himself in 1983.
ii Executive Order 9066, 7 Fed. Reg. 1407 (1942), stated in pertinent part: [By] virtue of the authority vested in me as President of the United States, and Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy, I hereby authorize and direct the Secretary of War, and the Military Commanders whom he may from time to time designate whenever he or any designated Commander deems such action necessary or desirable, to prescribe military areas from which any or all persons may be excluded, and with respect to which the right of any person to enter, remain in, or leave shall be subject to whatever restrictions the Secretary of War or the appropriate Military Commander may impose in his discretion.
iii Public Proclamation No. 3 was issued on March 24, 1942, pursuant to the Act of March 21, 1942, 56 Stat. 173 (1942). Public Law No. 503, 56 Stat. 173, provided in pertinent part: [W]hover shall enter, remain in, leave or commit any act in any military area ... contrary to the restrictions applicable to any such area ... shall, if it appears that he knew or should have known of the existence and extent of the restrictions or order and that his act was in violation thereof, be guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction shall be liable to a fine not to exceed $5,000 or to imprisonment for not more than one year, or both, for each offense.